Preserve Your Vision With International Eyecare Center - Hannibal

Diabetic Retinopathy in Hannibal

Preserve Your Vision With International Eyecare Center - Hannibal

(573) 248-1616

Have diabetes?

Experiencing changes in vision, such as blurriness and eye floaters?

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the leading causes of vision loss around the world. Of an estimated 285 million people with diabetes mellitus worldwide, approximately one-third have signs of diabetic retinopathy.

Fortunately, there are several steps people with diabetes can take to prevent or minimize vision loss.

Blood sugar level check


What Is Diabetic Retinopathy?

noraml eye and an eye with  diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease caused by high blood sugar levels that damage the small blood vessels clustered within your retina. This leads to swelling or fluid leakage and can result in vision loss and even blindness.

Diabetic retinopathy also raises the risk of retinal detachment and/or glaucoma.

Because the early stages of diabetic retinopathy show no symptoms, many don't realize they have it until the disease has progressed.

If you have diabetes, you are at risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. To reduce your risk and protect your vision, schedule an eye exam with International Eyecare Center - Hannibal today.


What Are the Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy?

diabetic-retinopothy-oct-scan

As mentioned above, the early phase of diabetic retinopathy typically shows no symptoms. This is why it's important to have routine eye exams (all the more so if you have diabetes), as your eye doctor can detect diabetic retinopathy in its earlier stages before symptoms become apparent.

Symptoms of proliferative diabetic retinopathy include:
  • Blurred vision
  • Floaters
  • Double vision
  • Near vision problems
  • Seeing dark spots (scotomas)
  • Difficulty seeing at night

What are the Stages of Diabetic Retinopathy?

Non-Proliferative Retinopathy (early stage):
This occurs when small bulges–or microaneurysms–form in blood vessels and can leak fluid into the retina.

Proliferative Retinopathy (later phase):
This refers to abnormal vessel growth and leakage in the retina. This triggers a variety of vision problems such as blurriness, reduced field of vision, and even blindness.

If you have diabetes, International Eyecare Center - Hannibal in Hannibal offers diagnostic tests and treatment options to help preserve your vision. The earlier the diagnosis, the better the treatment outcome.

Diabetic-Retinopathy-Bllod-sugar-level-checker


How Optometrists Diagnose Diabetic Retinopathy

  • Medical history

    Your optometrist will ask about your medical history, including diabetes, as well as your family history of eye conditions.

  • Dilated pupil exam

    Your optometrist will apply eye drops to dilate the pupils so they can see inside the eye and detect any issues.

  • Fluorescein angiography

    This eye test uses a special dye and camera to look at blood flow in the retina and choroid.

  • Optical coherence tomography

    This imaging method shows a cross-section of the retina and can indicate whether vessels are leaking fluid into the retina.


How to Treat Diabetic Retinopathy

senior man with diabetic retinopathy

Treatment begins with managing blood sugar levels and diabetes. This means eating a healthy diet, increasing physical activity, and taking whatever diabetes medication has been prescribed.

Other treatments will depend on the stage or severity of the disease. If caught early, only blood sugar management may be necessary.

However, if you're in a more advanced stage of the diseases, treatment options may include:
  • Eye medications. Steroid and Anti-VEGF treatments can stop inflammation and prevent the formation of new blood vessels.
  • Laser surgery. Reduces the proliferation of abnormal blood vessels and swelling in the retina.
  • Vitrectomy. If you have proliferative diabetic retinopathy, you may need an eye surgery called vitrectomy. This procedure removes scar tissue, blood or fluid, and some of the vitreous gel so light rays can better focus on the retina.

Diabetic Retinopathy FAQs

What are the major risk factors for diabetic retinopathy?

As the name suggests, diabetes is the main risk factor for developing diabetic retinopathy. Be mindful of your family history of type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, get an annual eye exam to detect potential problems early.

Other conditions such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol are also risk factors. Moreover, those of African or Hispanic descent have a higher risk of developing diabetic retinopathy.

Can diabetic retinopathy be prevented?

There are a number of ways to preserve your vision and reduce the risk of vision and eye damage due to diabetic retinopathy.

  • Visit your eye doctor for annual eye exams.
  • Control your blood sugar levels.
  • Maintain healthy cholesterol levels and blood pressure.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Quit smoking.

The best thing you can do right now is to schedule your eye exam with International Eyecare Center - Hannibal in Hannibal to ensure that everything is in check.

Does diabetic retinopathy cause blindness?

Diabetic retinopathy is one of the main causes of blindness among work-aged adults. It affects one in three people with diabetes and often goes unnoticed at first. Diagnosing and treating the condition early on can prevent severe vision loss.

Patient Reviews
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373 Reviews
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- Jul. 03, 2024
Very nice staff, great doctor
- Jul. 01, 2024
All staff was wonderful and made me feel comfortable! I would recommend IEC to everyone. We have bee... n going for years.
- Jun. 23, 2024
The staff is friendly and helpful.
- Jun. 21, 2024
excellent and caring staff and Kent Mueller is the best!!
- Jun. 20, 2024
Great experience .. and love my glasses..
- Jun. 17, 2024
they are great place i take my yungest there and my oldest daughter and grandbabies even go it great...
- May. 26, 2024
I was very pleased with the eye exam I received the lady who helped me pick out glasses was very car... ing and making sure that I got the right glasses for me and that I was getting the best price for my glasses
- May. 18, 2024
Getting an appointment is easy. They are friendly, caring, understanding, knowledgeable, all around ... just a very pleasant place and employees.
- May. 14, 2024
Best overall team out there for eye care !!
- May. 06, 2024
Hannibal IEC is Great with children
- Apr. 11, 2024
Dr. Mueller is top notch, cares about his patients, very pleasant.
- Apr. 09, 2024
The staff was great and very helpful!
- Apr. 02, 2024
Great doctors and customer service I give 5 stars. IEC IS THE BEST
- Mar. 15, 2024
Accommodating appointment times for busy schedules, prompt on time examinations and many frame style... s to chose from.
- Mar. 06, 2024
Dr Mueller is the greatest and he explains each of my questions. He is very professional and kind. I... have been hesitant to go to the doctor since I have an eye disease. He goes the extra mile at each visit.
- Feb. 02, 2024
Awesome customer care and Dr. Mueller is the best!
- Nov. 28, 2023
Wonderful staff very friendly
- Nov. 19, 2023
They were quick getting us in and out! They were great with my boys!
- Nov. 14, 2023
The best place to go for eye appointments. Very friendly staff and Dr. Daack is the best!
- Sep. 18, 2023
if you go here, I definitely recommend Dr. Daack.

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Diabetic Retinopathy Diagnosis & Treatment in Hannibal

Our optometry practice in Hannibal

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blood sugaer level testing kit

Have diabetes?

Early detection and timely treatment can prevent vision loss.

(573) 248-1616